Charles Seligman Beatrice Blackwood PRM Museum John Hutton Henry Balfour Edward Tylor Augustus Fox

Pitt Rivers Museum Asia collection up to 1945 statistics Part IV

10. Is it possible to break the information down into types of collectors?

[article ID:297]

Afghanistan - 74

Field collectors:

RC Temple - 15

PRM sources:

OUMNH - 13

RC Temple - 15 [20 per cent]

Andaman Islands India - 826

It is obvious to anyone who knows anything about our Andaman Islands collections that the vast majority of them came in from EH Man (either via the founding collection or OUMNH) in the 1880s

EH Man as field collector: 549 [66 per cent]

PRM sources:

Man objects via Pitt Rivers: 348 [42 per cent]

Man objects via OUMNH: 159 [19 per cent]

Armenia - 7

Michel de Bernoff gave 2 objects, as did J. Oliver Wardrop and ELM Canziani

Azerbaijan - 2

The only 2 items from Azerbaijan were from the same collector Michel de Bernoff

Bahrain - 5

All the Bahrain objects come from James Theodore Bent [field collector and donor)

Bangladesh [definite only] - 185

The majority of the definite Bangladeshi objects are due to objects collected and donated by JP Mills [119 objects or 64 per cent]

Bhutan - 13

The items from the 1880s are just provenanced Himalayas and therefore are double counted in a number of different countries totals they are from Pitt Rivers, many of the other Bhutanese entries might also be India, Tibet or Nepal and from a variety of sources

Brunei - 19

AS Haynes and HL Chittenden are probably the largest donors with 4 and 5 objects respectively [around a quarter of the collections each]

Cambodia - 6

2 of the 3 1880s entries are specifically Cambodian and from Pitt Rivers, the remainder of Cambodian object entries are double counted with other countries nearby

China [excluding HK] - 3776

RT Turley is probably the most significant field collector with 587 objects [16 per cent]

PRM sources:

Pitt Rivers founding collection: 338

Ashmolean: 216

China [Hong Kong] - 64

WL Hildburgh donated 25 objects

RC Templedonated 35

East Timor - 18

Founding collection (just over fifty per cent) and transfers from the Ashmolean (a sixth of collection)

Georgia - 16

John Abercromby and Percy Manning gave the largest percentages of this collection(7 objects each, just under 50 per cent to each)

India [entries that are definitely India] - 13,719

JH Hutton and JP Mills. These items in fact were not all collected or even received by the Museum in the 1920s (in particular for Hutton many were collected before 1920) but were accessioned under two late 1920s accession numbers as a batch lot.

Field collectors:

JH Hutton - 3290

JP Mills - 2762

PRM Sources:

JH Hutton - 3346

JP Mills - 2747

Pitt Rivers - 781

Indonesia - 785

HN Ridley gave 74 objects [nearly 10 per cent], and Pitt Rivers gave 55 [7 per cent] but otherwise the Indonesia collections appear to have come from a variety of sources

Iran - 184

The Iranian collections appear to have come from a variety of sources

Iraq - 203

87 of the Iraqi objects came from the Oxford Expedition to Kish [43 per cent]

Israel - 2,789

Field collectors:

Garrod- 1,621[58 per cent]

PRM sources

British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem - 2,410 [86 per cent]

Japan - 4,263

Field collectors:

Chamberlain - 2,006 [47 per cent]

PRM Sources:

Chamberlain - 1,498[35 per cent]

Pitt Rivers - 295[7 per cent]

Jordan - 215

Miss KM Reynolds - 22 objects [just over 10 per cent]

Palestine Folk Museum donated 92 objects [43 per cent](all of them werelater returned)

Kazakhstan - 3

No dominating collector each of 3 objects given by different person

Korea - 589

94 objects from SWakefield or his wife [16 per cent] 80 objects from RT Turley [14 per cent] 54 objects from Balfour [9 per cent]

Kuwait - 2

All from the same donor at the same time [AH Baldwin], these are the only Kuwaiti objects

Laos - 20

50 per cent of the Laos collection came from the Woodthorpe collection via Ida Wilson

Lebanon - 51

27 of the Lebanese objects acquired were donated by Henry Balfour[53 per cent]

Malaysia - 3,280

Field collectors:

Shelford - 261[8 per cent]

Skeat - 300 [9 per cent]

Annandale - 205[6 per cent]

Walker - 248 [8 per cent]

Robinson - 173 [5 per cent]

Brooke [various family members] - 635 [19 per cent]

PRM sources:

Shelford - 310 [9 per cent]

Annandale - 196 [6 per cent]

Walker - 248 [8 per cent]

Brooke [various family members] - 635 [19 per cent]

Macau

All the Macau objects were collected and donated by RC Temple

Maldives - 2

The single Maldives object was donated by Cuthbert Peek

Mongolia - 315

RT Turley was the dominating Mongolian collector with 293 objects donated and 298 objects collected [95 per cent]

Myanmar (Burma) - 3,038

RC Temple donated 1,531 objects and collected 1,550 [51 per cent]

Nepal - 167

A variety of sources and collectors

Nicobar Islands India - 605

EH Man collected 530 of the objects [88 per cent] and they came in via the OUMNH and the founding collection

Oman - 2

The two objects came from different sources

Pakistan - 229

A variety of different sources for the material

Palestine - 362

92 of the objects came from the Palestine Folk Museum and were returned [25 per cent] , 57 came from the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem, (collected by Turville-Petre) [16 per cent]

Philippines - 163

A collection from Mrs Turnbull [collected by her son [67 objects 41 per cent]

Russia [Siberia] - 219

Czaplicka collected and donated 193 objects [88 per cent]

Saudi Arabia - 25

William Crooke donated 17 objects [68 per cent]

Singapore - 133

Henry Nicholas Ridley donated 63 of the objects [47 per cent]

Sri Lanka - 1456

Seligman collected and donated 518 objects [36 per cent]

Charles Hartley collected 569 and donated 581 objects [39 per cent]

Syria - 192

HH Spoer donated 44 objects [23 per cent] Miss KM Reynolds 31 [16 per cent]

Taiwan - 153

PE Matheson - 58 objects[collected by Harry C Matheson] [38 per cent]

PE O'Brien-Butler23 objects [15 per cent]

Thailand - 1290

Annandale donated 1040 objects [81 per cent]

Tibet - 474

From a variety of sources

Turkey - 344

Founding collection - 53 objects [15 per cent]

Ashmolean - 28 objects [8 per cent]

RM Dawkins - 72 objects (collected and donated) - 21 per cent]

Uzbekistan - 12

PalestineFolk Musuem, 10 objects, which in fact were later returned [83 per cent]

Vietnam - 26

Rosset expedition via the BM [13 objects, half the collection]

Yemen - 43

AW Fullerdonated 14 objects [33 per cent]

British India - 1,808

Pitt Rivers donated 352 objects [19 per cent] , the Ashmolean 193 objects [11 per cent], the Indian Institute 166 [9 per cent] - there are a variety of other sources and collectors

web site design for Oxford University
ERSC logo

The financial support of this project by the ESRC is gratefully acknowledged.