Charles Seligman Beatrice Blackwood PRM Museum John Hutton Henry Balfour Edward Tylor Augustus Fox

Geographical Statistics - Pitt Rivers Museum Asia collections statistics part I

1. What was colonial history of geographical area

[article ID:205]For details see http://pittweb4.prm.ox.ac.uk/relational/page.php?title=2

Never part of British Empire

Afghanistan

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Bhutan

Cambodia

Chechnya

China

East Timor

Georgia

Guam

Indonesia

Iran

Japan

Kazakhstan

Korea

Kyrgyzstan

Laos

Lebanon

Macau

Mongolia

Nepal

North Korea

Oman

Philippines

Russia [Siberia]

Saudi Arabia

South Korea

Syria

Taiwan

Tajikistan

Thailand

Tibet

Turkey

Turkmenistan

United Arab Emirates

Uzbekistan

Vietnam

Wrangel Island (Vrangelya Ostrov)

Countries that were part of the British Empire

Andaman Islands India

Australia / Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Brunei

China [Hong Kong and Wei Hai Wei]

Cocos (Keeling Islands) / Australia

India

Iraq [from 1921 - 1932]

Israel [from 1918]

Jordan [from 1921]

Kuwait [sort of, but counted]

Malaysia

Maldives

Myanmar (Burma)

Nicobar Islands India

Pakistan

Palestine [from 1918]

Qatar [from 1916]

Singapore

Sri Lanka

Yemen

2. List countries included in geographical region

[article ID:206]

List of Asian countries:

Afghanistan

Andaman Islands India

Armenia

Australia / Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Azerbaijan

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Bhutan

Brunei

Cambodia

Chechnya

China

China [Hong Kong and Wei Hai Wei]

Cocos (Keeling) Islands / Australia

East Timor

Georgia

Guam

India

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq [from 1921]

Israel

Japan

Jordan [from 1921]

Kazakhstan

Korea

Kuwait [sort of, but counted]

Kyrgyzstan

Laos

Lebanon

Macau

Malaysia

Maldives

Mongolia

Myanmar (Burma)

Nepal

Nicobar Islands India

North Korea

Oman

Pakistan

Palestine

Philippines

Qatar [from 1916]

Russia [Siberia]

Saudi Arabia

Singapore

South Korea

Sri Lanka

Syria

Taiwan

Tajikistan

Thailand

Tibet

Turkey

Turkmenistan

United Arab Emirates

Uzbekistan

Vietnam

Wrangel Island (Vrangelya Ostrov)

Yemen

[countries in red are considered part of British Empire for purposes of these statistics]

Of these the following are defined as SE Asia:

Brunei

Cambodia

Cocos (Keeling) Islands / Australia

East Timor

Indonesia

Laos

Malaysia

Myanmar (Burma)

Philippines

Singapore

Thailand

Vietnam

[countries in red are considered part of British Empire for purposes of these statistics]

3. Total number of objects from geographical region

[article ID:207]

40,231, or 22 per cent of the total collections up to 1945

4. Total number of objects for geographical region divided into archaeological and ethnographic objects

[article ID:208]

Archaeology - 5,871

Ethnography - 33,736

Arch or Ethn - 624

These figures are quite different from the global picture with far more ethnographic objects (83 from 56 per cent) and far fewer archaeology (15 from 34 per cent) and objects that are not clearly archaeological or ethnographic [2 from 10 per cent)

5. Total number of objects obtained from each country of region

[article ID:209]

These numbers below are generated [as have all other country totals for all continents] by simply finding the country and counting the total number of objects ie no account is taken of single entries with more than one country assigned to it or double counting. Our assumption has been that this double counting should, more or less, be cancelled out and of little effect (though we do not know this to be true). Asian entries seem particularly beset by double counting of countries for single object and for that reason, for this continent only consistently we have been through each country and marked which are worst affected by double counting and which countries roughly have been double counted

Afghanistan - 74 [some double counting with India and Russia]

Andaman Islands India - 826 [Vast majority definite, a small amount of double counting with Burma]

Armenia - 7 [some double counting with Greece and Russia]

Australia / Cocos (Keeling) Islands - 0 [excluded from stats from this point]

Azerbaijan - 2 [double counted with other countries, none definite]

Bahrain - 5  [All definite]

Bangladesh - 185*  [All definite]

Bhutan - 13   [double counted with other countries, few definite]

Brunei - 19 [most of the Brunei entries are definite, a few are double counted with   Malaysia etc]

Cambodia - 6   [2 of the Cambodian entries are definite, rest are double counted with neighbouring   countries etc]

Chechnya- 0 [excluded from stats from this point]

China - 3,776   [excluding Hong Kong etc][A very small number of entries double counted   with Mongolia and with India]

China [Hong Kong and Wei Hai Wei] - 64 [all definite Hong Kong]

Cocos (Keeling) Islands / Australia - 0 [excluded from stats from this point]

East Timor - 18   [NB double counting with Indonesia]

Georgia - 16  [All but one definite Georgia, that one Caucasus]

Guam - 0   [excluded from stats from this point]

India - 13,719*  [some double counting with other neighbouring countries such as Nepal]

Indonesia - 785 [the majority are definitely Indonesia, some double countings with Singapore]

Iran - 184  [Vast majority definite]

Iraq - 203  [Majority definite, some double counting with neighbouring countries and   Egypt]

Israel - 2,789 [NB substantial double counting with Palestine and Jordan]

Japan - 4,263 [Vast majority definite]

Jordan - 215   [NB substantial double counting with Palestine and Israel]

Kazakhstan - 3  [All definite]

Korea - 589   [4 are specifically North Korean, 190 are specifically South Korean - both these figures are included in this total from this point it will be considered as an entity, all definitely Korean]

Kuwait - 2  [All definite]

Kyrgyzstan - 0 [excluded from stats from this point]

Laos - 20 [Minority definite, majority double counted with neighbouring countries etc]

Lebanon - 51 [All definite except for those that are double counted with UK?!]

Macau - 110

Malaysia - 3,280 [Vast majority definite, some double counting with Singapore]

Maldives - 2  [All definite]

Mongolia - 315 [the majority are double counted with China]

Myanmar (Burma) - 3038 [Vast majority definite some double counting with Thailand]

Nepal - 167 [Large number double counted with either India or Tibet]

Nicobar Islands India - 605 [All? definite]

North Korea - see Korea above

Oman - 2 [All definite]

Pakistan - 229* [Vast majority definite except small amount of double counting with Afghanistan]

Palestine - 362   [NB substantial double counting with Israel and Jordan]

Philippines - 163 [Vast majority definite some double counting with Malaysia and !Sudan]

Qatar - 0   [excluded from stats from this point]

Russia [Siberia] - 219 [All definite]

Saudi Arabia - 25  [All definite]

Singapore - 133 [Double counting with Malaysia and Indonesia]

South Korea - see Korea above

Sri Lanka - 1,456  [Majority definite some double counting with India etc]

Syria - 192  [Majority definite some double counting with neighbouring countries etc]

Taiwan - 153 [All definite ]

Tajikistan - 0 [excluded from stats from this point]

Thailand - 1,290  [Majority definite some double counting with Burma and Malaysia etc]

Tibet - 474 [Some double counting with neighbouring countries]

Turkey - 344 [Some double counting with neighbouring countries etc]

Turkmenistan - 0 [excluded from stats from this point]

United Arab Emirates - 0 [excluded from stats from this point]

Uzbekistan - 12 [Majority definite, some double counting with neighbouring countries]

Vietnam - 26 [Some double counting with neighbouring countries]

Wrangel Island (Vrangelya Ostrov) - 0 [excluded from stats from this point]

Yemen - 43  [Majority definite, some double counting with Somalia]

'British' India [ie could be either India, Bangladesh or Pakistan] - 1,808

Note that the total count for the whole of British India (that is British India as given above plus India, Pakistan and Bangladesh Nicobar and Andaman Islands separate figures is 17372

[countries in blue will not be included in statistics in future as there are no objects from them]

India / Bangladesh / Pakistan*

Of course, between 1884 and 1945 India covered all 3 countries and was not differentiated, there are many entries which are not sufficiently well provenanced to enable a single country to be identified and therefore all 3 countries have to be identified leading to a large degree of duplication and double counting. Here are the figures excluding double counting:

Bangladesh - 185

India - 13,719

Pakistan - 229

British India (ie could be any one of the above 3 countries) - 1,808

It is most likely that the highest proportion of the British India entries actually came from modern day India but this can never be known for sure.

Countries in descending order:

India - 13,719*

Japan - 4,263

China - 3,776   [excluding Hong Kong etc]

Malaysia - 3,280

Myanmar (Burma) - 3,038

Israel - 2,789  

'British' India [ie could be either India, Bangladesh or Pakistan] - 1,808

Sri Lanka - 1,456

Thailand - 1,290

Andaman Islands India - 826

Indonesia - 785

Nicobar Islands India - 605

Korea - 589

Tibet - 474

Palestine - 362

Turkey - 344

Mongolia - 315

Pakistan - 229*

Russia [Siberia] - 219

Jordan - 215  

Iraq - 203

Syria - 192

Bangladesh - 185*

Iran - 184

Nepal - 167

Philippines - 163

Taiwan - 153

Singapore - 133

Macau - 110

Afghanistan - 74

China [Hong Kong] - 64

Lebanon - 51

Yemen - 43

Vietnam - 26

Saudi Arabia - 25

Laos - 20

Brunei - 19

East Timor - 18

Georgia - 16

Bhutan - 13

Uzbekistan - 12

Armenia - 7

Cambodia - 6

Bahrain - 5

Kazakhstan - 3

Azerbaijan - 2

Kuwait - 2 

Maldives - 2

Oman - 2

[countries in red were colonies]

India is the largest country's collections easily from Asia, it is nearly 3 times larger than the next largest country, it would be even larger if it had been possible to provenance all those objects which can only be classified as coming from British India.

Two ex-colonies have been excluded from the statistics at this point because there are no objects from these countries:

Cocos (Keeling)

Qatar

SE Asia:

Brunei - 19

Cambodia - 6

Cocos (Keeling) Islands / Australia - 0

East Timor - 18

Indonesia - 785

Laos - 20

Malaysia - 3,280

Myanmar (Burma) - 3,038

Philippines - 163

Singapore - 133

Thailand - 1,290

Vietnam - 26

Total for SE Asia: 8,778 [22 per cent of total Asian collections]

inetlab, Oxfordshire, Oxford
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The financial support of this project by the ESRC is gratefully acknowledged.