Charles Seligman Beatrice Blackwood PRM Museum John Hutton Henry Balfour Edward Tylor Augustus Fox

Dealers and Auction Houses etc up to 1945

[article ID:557]

This is a list of all the dealers and auction houses that the Museum dealt with between 1884 and 1945 that we can identify (or identify as a possibility). We compiled the first draft of the list by transferring over all entries on the field collector and PRM source tables which suggested that the individual or organisation was a dealer / auction house etc. This list was added to by generating indices of the other owners and prm source fields for all the entries between 1884 and 1945 which were purchased and then eliminating the names of individuals who were not dealers who happened to sell their collections to the Museum, leaving a list of auction houses, dealers, shops etc. Some of these names are already included in the field collectors, other owners or PRM source information. We have probably missed a few possible dealers by this method (because some have not been properly identified as dealers or because they came via someone else (as PRM source) and the fact they were dealers was not spelt out but we think it is likely to be the most comprehensive method short of examining each entry separately.

We have recalculated all the total number of objects based on the up to 1945 database. If at all possible the number in the number of objects column is based on the count when searching for the name of the dealer in the PRM source [of course for many of them there will be different counts depending on whether you count using the field collector, other owner or PRM source field]. Please note that for those people which were identified as other owners only and whose objects were donated by another source the total number of objects was calculated using the on-line database (it is not likely that it varies from the up to 1945 for these people but we have not checked).

Name of collector

Biog-raphy? Field coll FC or PRM Source PRMS

Number of objects

Country[ies]

Last date by which objects access-ioned

Dealer or auction house?

Connections

Abrams [?H.E. Abrams]

?PRMS/ Yes

15

France UK

1903

Possibly dealer

Oxford based

Sidney (?Sydney) Acott and Company Ltd.

PRMS / Yes

27

Global

1941

Trader

Oxford based

Reg Andrade

PRMS / No

1

UK

1940

Dealer

Devon based

Antique and Modern Furnishing Company

PRMS / No

1

UK

1939

Trader

Oxford based

Alfred Axtell

PRMS / No

2

Fiji W Africa

1936

Dealer

Link to Fagg

Mr Ayer probably Harry Darius Ayer

OO / Yes

1

USA

1939

Trader / Probably field collector

of Indian Trading Post Onamia Minnesota

Albert Henry Baldwin of A.H. Baldwin & Sons

PRMS / Yes

31

Mixed

1912

Coin dealer

London based

Messrs Banks Brothers

OO / No

7

UK

1913

Manufacture

via Mrs Warrington

J. Barnet

PRMS / No

5

?Europe

1912

Probably dealer

London based

J. Bateman / Bateman

FC / PRMS /No

63

Mixed

1908

Possibly dealer

Oxford based. Nat Hist?

Beveridge

PRMS/ Yes

1

Nepal

1908

Dealer

Oxford based

Mrs M.C. Bickmore

PRMS /Yes

11

Mixed

1907

Dealer

Oxford based

Samuel Black

OO / No

1

USA or Canada

1842

Trader

Chief Factor of Hudson Bay Company via EM Hopkins

Eugene Boban

OO / Yes

23

Mixed

1884

Dealer

Paris based, Via founding collection

T.P. Boyes

PRMS /No

1

Denmark

1889

Possibly dealer

?Museum Professional Dresden based

Mr Bray

FC / No

13

Australia PNG Malaysia

1901

Possibly dealer

via John Abercromby . Sydney based

Richard Bright

OO / Yes

7

NZ

1915

Trader

Bristol based, grandfather of donor

Brown and Brown

PRMS /No

6

Paraguay Chile Peru

1912

Dealers or Auction House

Liverpool based

C.H. Brown

PRMS /No

1

UK

1913

Trader

Oxford based

Mrs J. Crosby Brown

FC/ PRMS No

10

N & S America China

1901

Possibly dealer

Link to Balfour . New York based

Camerer, Kuss and Company

OO / No

1

Europe or N America

1940

Trade

London based via Jones and son. Clock makers

Capleton & Co.

PRMS /No

19

Solomons or Fiji

1891

Trader

Agents [?photographers] London based

Carlisle

FC / PRMS /No

13

Congo, Democratic Republic of, Zambia

1907

Possible dealer

?Poss link to Balfour SA visits

Roadnight Carter

PRMS /No

39

Mostly UK China

1940

Possibly dealer

Oxford [Woodstock] based

T. Carter [could be T.J. Carter]

FC / No

143

UK USA Canada

1906

Possibly dealer

Oxford based.

Carter / T.J. Carter

FC / PRMS No

223

UK

see above

Possibly dealer

Oxford based. Probabbly same person as before

H.L. Chittenden

FC / PRMS No

122

Borneo China Romania Sudan

1907

Possibly dealer

Probably just field collector or secondary collector

Charles Christie

PRMS/ No

8

NZ

1913

Possible dealer

London based

Cirio House

OO / No

16

Brazil

1927

Trader / Dealer

via Henry Balfour Brazil based

George Cole

FC / PRMS / No

2

Australia

1914

Dealer / Trader

Worked at shop owned by friend of Balfour - T. [Herbert] Brown and Sons, Brisbane

Cookson

PRMS /No

7

China Fiji

1921

Dealer

London based

Corder

FC / No

7

Canada USA NZ Solomons

By 1966

Possibly dealer

via Ipswich.

Messrs Cox and Co

PRMS /No

1

Unprovenanced

1913

Trader or dealer

London based

Cubitt & Sons

PRMS /No

2

Samoa Australia

1902

?Possibly dealers or auction house

Norfolk based

Curio Depot

PRMS /No

4

S Africa

1910

Trader / Dealer

Port Elizabeth based

Eva Cutter

PRMS /Yes

104

Mixed

1901

Dealer

London based Also known as Mrs WD Webster

Davis

PRMS /No

2

Egypt

1918

Possible dealer

Oxford based

Davis & Davis

OO / No

1

Cook Ids

1912

Possibly dealer or trader

Weston-super-Mare based via Beasley

Davitt’s [?Daritts]

No

36

Oceania

1884

Probably Auction house possibly dealer

via founding collection

Davy

PRMS / No

1

Australia

1936

?Dealer

Worked at Stevens Auction rooms

Robert Day

FC / Yes

191

Ireland or UK USA Mexico NZ

1913

Antiq / Amateur Archaeol / Dealer

Collection sold via Sotheby & Pitt Rivers / Could just be 2nd collector

Guillaume Dehondt

FC / PRMS No

7

Congo, Democratic Republic of

1935

Possibly dealer

Brussels based

John Dickson [& Son Ltd]

FC / No

3

USA Vanuatu

1929

Trader / Probably dealer

via Beasley. Edinburgh based Gunsmiths

The Dorchester Weavers

PRMS/ No

8

UK

1939

?Trader

Oxford based

Dowell's Auction Rooms

PRMS /No

203

UK and mixed

1892

Auctioneers

Edinburgh based. Now operate under Phillips and Dowells, George Street Edinburgh

S. Duke or S. Dukes

PRMS /No

16

Mixed

1907

Probably dealer

London based

Dvorak

OO / No

1

Czech Republic

1906

Dealer

Prague based via Kammerer via Balfour

Earl's Court Exhibition ["Balkan Exhibition"]

OO / No

12

Balkans

1907

Exhibition

via Mary Edith Durham

Spencer Edge

FC / PRMS No

1

Fiji

1916

Possibly dealer

Oxford based

V.R. Edwards

FC / PRMS / No

4

UK

1939

Possible dealer

some via FHS Knowles. Gunflint maker

The Kenya Section, Empire Exhibition 1925

OO / No

88

Kenya

1925

Exhibition

Purchased direct from exhibition

L. Exsteens

FC / PRMS / No

1

Congo, Democratic Republic

1911

Possibly dealer

Brussels based

Fabre [sometimes spelt Faber]

OO / Yes

4

France

1884

Dealer

Royal [France] based. Via founding collection

Vincent Fanghini or Franghini

OO/ Yes

31

Italy

1884

?Dealer

Italy based. Via founding collection

Fenton and Sons / S.G. Fenton and Company

PRMS / Yes

162

Mixed

1925

Dealer

London based

Mr Foort

PRMS / No

1

UK

1906

Possibly trader

Oxford based

Miss D. Fresco

FC / No

1

The Netherlands

1891

Possibly dealer

via Balfour London based

Edward Gerrard and Sons

PRMS / Yes

108

Mixed

1941

Trader / Dealers

London taxidermists

C. Kenrick Gibbons

PRMS / No

19

Caribbean

1890

Possible dealer

Weybridge based

Gillman and Soame

PRMS / Yes

1

UK NZ

1941

Trader

Oxford based

D. and B. Gladding

PRMS / No

25

UK

1941

Manufacturer

London based

Glendining's Auction Rooms

PRMS / Yes

80

Mixed

1936

Auctioneers

London based. Specialised in coins and medals

A.E. Godfrey

PRMS / No

33

Mixed

1928

Possibly dealer

Oxford based

H.W. Goode and Co.

PRMS / No

10

Japan

1901

Possibly dealer

London based

Miss Gouzée

FC / PRMS No

1

S Africa

1911

Possibly dealer

Antwerp based

Archibald Graham

PRMS / Yes

27

Mixed

1925

Dealer

Oxford based . Antiquary / bookshop

J.R. Gregory

No

1

UK

1892

Possible dealer

London based

Cecil A. Halliday

PRMS / Yes

1

Tubuai

1936

Dealer

Oxford based

F.C. Halliday

OO / No

117

UK

1943

Trader

Taunton based via Beatrice Blackwood

Hamlet and Dulake

PRMS / No

61

India etc

1909

Auctioneers

Oxford based

Marius Hammer

FC / PRMS / Yes

5

Denmark

1912

Trader / Possibly dealer

Bergen Norway based Metalsmith

George R. Harding

PRMS / No

56

Mixed

1893

Possibly dealer

London based

Benjamin Harrison

FC / PRMS Prob

23

UK

1895

Possibly Dealer

Link to Tylor Amateur Archaeol

Hart

OO / No

4

UK and unknown

1878

Possibly dealer

Reigate based via founding collection. Could just be secondary collector

G.A. Herbert

FC / PRMS / No

9

UK

1912

Dealer

Blockley [Worcs] based

E.A.B. Hill

OO / No

17

UK

1924

?Trader or manufactur-er

of Messrs Hill & Son

James T. Hooper

PRMS / Yes

680

Mixed

1937

Dealer

Oxford based

Elliot Howard

FC / No

6

Cook Ids UK Nigeria

1898

Possibly dealer

Falmouth based

Hudson's Bay Company / per Clifford P. Wilson

PRMS / No

10

Canada

1943

Trade

Canada based

G.O. Hughes

PRMS / No

1

Sudan or Congo

1915

Dealer

Tunbridge Wells based

Hurry (Ipswich)

FC / No

2

Canada

1934

Possibly dealer or auctioneers

via Ipswich Museum. Ipswich based

Hutton’s trading store

OO / No

1

Vanuatu

1900

Trader

Vanuatu based via NH Hardy and RF Wilkins

Indian Bazaar Victoria

OO / No

4

Canada

1890

Trader / Dealer

via Franz Boas

[Alfred] or B. Inman

OO/ Yes

3

Japan

1884

Possibly dealer

London based Via founding collection

William Jamrach

PRMS / Yes

4

PNG

1895

Animal dealer

London based

Peder Jensen

FC/ Yes

1

Denmark

1857

Possibly dealer

via Pitt Rivers. ?Archaeol . Denmark based?

Tyler Jew

No

1

NZ

1920

Possibly dealer

Oxford based via AM and AC Bell

Mr Jones

PRMS / No

8

UK

1907

Possible dealer

Oxford based

H.W. Jones and Son

PRMS / No

1

UK

1941

Trader

Oxford based

F.L. Jones

FC / PRMS / Yes

1

Solomons

1936

Trader

also via Beasley. Based in Vanikoro in Solomons

G. Kammerer

OO / NO

2

Czech Republic

1906

Possibly dealer

via Balfour. Manager of Austrian exhibition London

A. Kennedy [might be A.A. Kennedy]

PRMS/ No

1

Iraq

1936

Possibly dealer

 

A.A. Kennedy

PRMS/ No

7

UK

1945

Possibly dealer

Oxford based

The Kensington Weavers

PRMS/ No

2

UK

1939

?Trader

London based

Kent (Ironmongers)

PRMS/ No

4

UK

1897

Trader

Oxford based

Kirk

OO / No

1

Canada

1916

Possibly dealer

via Lucas White King via Sotheby via LCG Clarke

D.M. Kisch possibly Daniel Montague Kisch

OO / Poss

1

Namibia

1884

?Trader

Namibia based via founding collection

M. Kontsantonos

FC / PRMS No

1

Cyprus

1937

Possibly dealer

?Amateur Archaeol or Archaeol

Kronstad

OO / No

1

Vanuatu

1900

Trader

via NH Hardy via RF Wilkins

Kumegawa of Osaka

OO / No

41

Japan

1921

Probably dealer

via Lucas White King via Sotheby

Lafayette Ltd

PRMS/ No

1

Europe

1939

Trader / Photo-grapher

Photograph of Henry Balfour - presumably for display purposes

R.H. Lambourne

FC / PRMS No

1

Indonesia

1935

Possibly dealer

Oxford based

R. Lambourne and Son

PRMS/ No

1

France

1901

Trader / Possibly dealer

Oxford based. ?Same as above

Charles Lancaster

PRMS/ Yes

1

UK

1890

Possibly dealer

Firearms manufacturer

Last

OO / No

2

UK

1870

Probably dealer

via Pitt Rivers

G.F. Lawrence

FC / PRMS No

551

USA UK etc

1932

Possibly dealer

some via Stevens Auction rooms and Balfour . London based ?Amateur Archaeol

Lefevre

OO/ Yes

97

France

1884

Dealer

Macon France. Via founding collection

M.L. Levin

PRMS/ No

504

Africa India

1893

Dealer

London based

Leyssalles

FC / PRMS/ No

73

France

1931

Possible dealer

?Archaeol / Amateur Archaeol ?Could be hotel owner, could be link to Balfour who stayed in area?

Lhaumond

FC / PRMS/ No

21

France

1931

Possible dealer

?Archaeol / Amateur Archaeol

Liberty & Co.

PRMS/ No

24

Japan

1896

Trader

London based

W.S. Lincoln and Son

PRMS/ No

9

China Thailand

1903

Trader or Dealer

London based

G. Ling

PRMS/ No

1

Canada

1943 or 1944

Possible dealer

 

James Edward Little

PRMS/ Yes

9

Mixed

1930

Dealer

Forger of Maori artefacts. Bath based

Lomax Palaeo-Botanical Laboratories

PRMS/ No

62

Africa and unknown

1942

Lab

Lab which cut specimens of ivory for PRM curator. Bolton based

Charles Lund

FC / No

19

Mixed

1939

Possibly dealer

via Beasley via Gunther via Stevens etc

Lutheran Mission Store, Finschhhafen

OO / No

4

PNG

1937

Trader

via BB

John Maclean

No

1

USA or Canada

1895

?Trader or dealer

Plains USA based via CE Peek

S. Margerison

PRMS/ No

14

Europe

1910

Possible dealer

Leeds based

V.C. Martin

OO / No

5

Mixed

1937

Possible dealer

London based via Wellcome and Beasley

Alfred Leonard Matsson

PRMS/ Yes

12

Mixed

1900

Dealer

Stockholm based

George Miller & Son

PRMS/ No

1

UK

1945

Trader

Glastonbury based. Still trade, hardware now called G. Miller

Milligan

OO / No

3

USA or Canada

1915

Possibly dealer

via Lucas White King via Sotheby

H. Minod

PRMS/ No

58

Switzerland

1900

Possibly dealer

Geneva based

Missionary Bazaar held in Oxford

PRMS/ No

24

Mixed

1899

Bazaar

Oxford based

Mr Molin

OO/ No

1

Russia

1879

Probably dealer

via founding collection Paris based

Frank Morey

FC / PRMS No

14

China India Tonga Africa Burma

1912

Possibly dealer

via Newport Museum via OGS Crawford.

John George Morley

PRMS / Yes

1

UK

1921

Harp maker

London based

Muirhead, Moffat & Co.

No

1

NZ

1924

Trader or dealer

via Beasley Glasgow based

[?Toyo] Murakami

OO/ Yes

62

China Japan

1940

Dealer

?China based, Via Gunther collection

Nash

PRMS/ No

3

UK

1935

Trader / Dealer

Oxford based

Newman

PRMS/ No

2

Denmark Egypt

1912

Dealer

Chichester based

Norman

OO / No

15

France

1871

Trader / Dealer

Amiens based? via founding collection

Miss F.E. Ogden

FC / PRMS No

12

UK

1902

? Trade / Possibly dealer

Curio Shop Clubs & Socs: Ash. Nat. Hist.

Ogden's Curio shop

PRMS / No

4

PNG

1903

Trade / Dealer

see above

Old Market, Place du jeu de balle, Brussels, Belgium

PRMS / No

3

Congo, Democratic Republic

1911

Trader / Market

Brussels based

William Ockelford Oldman

PRMS / Yes

90

Mixed

1920

Dealer

London based

James Parker / J. Parker probably James Parker

FC / Yes

5

Canada UK

1869

Possibly dealer

via Ashmolean & via Rolleston via University Museum Oxford based. Clubs & Socs: Oxfordshire Architectural & Historical Society. Link to Tylor . Antiq / Amateur Archaeol / Bookseller

W.H. Parker

PRMS / No

101

Mixed

1911

Possibly dealer

Oxford based

J.W. Partridge

PRMS / No

2

Congo

1921

Dealer

Worcester based

Frank Patania

FC / PRMS / Yes

1

USA

1939

Trader

via BB. May also have been maker

H.H. Peach and H. Peach maybe Harry Hardy Peach

FC / PRMS / Yes

10

UK

1923

Possibly dealer

Possibly publisher

P.W. Powell

FC / PRMS / No

2

Fiji NZ

1924

Possible dealer

Oxford based

John E. Pritchard

PRMS / No

2

UK

1914

Possibly dealer

Bristol based

Messrs Procter and Co

OO / No

33

India

1880

?Trader or dealer

via founding collection

Puttick and Simpson

PRMS / Yes

285

Peru

1935

Dealer / Auctioneers

 

Charles Roberts

PRMS / No

15

UK

1897

Possibly trader

?Amateur Archaeol or flint worker

James Frank Robieson

PRMS / Yes

31

NZ UK

1930

Dealer

Forger

Rollin and Feuardent

OO / Yes

24

Europe

1884

Dealer

London based Via founding collection

Ernest Roulin

FC / PRMS / No

105

Switzerland

1913

Possible dealer

?Archaeol or Amateur Archaeol ? link to Balfour Geneva based

Sale at "The Red House"

PRMS / No

9

Oceania

1903

Auctioneers

Tunbridge Wells based

J. Salmon

FC / PRMS No

2

NZ

1902

Possibly dealer

Belfast based

Sanfanio

OO / No

1

Italy

1935

Manufacterer

ecclesiastical furnishers of Piazza Minerva, Milan via GM Crowfoot via DB Harden

Samuel Sheppard

FC / PRMS No

23

Australia Solomons PNG

1914

Trade / Possibly dealer

via Balfour. Brisbane based

George Simm or George Sim or ?Simpson

PRMS / No

12

UK S Africa

1890

Dealer

Aberdeen based

Peter Lund Simmons

OO/ Yes

8

Mixed

1884

Possibly dealer

London based. Via founding collection

R. Simmonds

FC / No

2

Australia

1875

Possibly dealer

via Pitt Rivers

Ingo Simon

FC / PRMS No

9

N America Turkey Japan

1936

Possibly dealer

or 2nd collector [interest in archery] London based

J. Snow

PRMS / No

8

Mixed

1940

Dealer

Wallingford Oxford based

Solloway

FC / PRMS No

2

India

1908

Possibly dealer

Oxford based

Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge [Sotheby's] / Sotheby [Sotheby's]

PRMS / No

262

Mixed

1932?

Auctioneers

London based

Stafford collection sale, Godalming

PRMS / No

2

Mixed

1890

Auctioneers

Godalming based

Stevens Auction Rooms / J.C. Stevens / Stevens Auction Rooms

PRMS / Yes

3178

Mixed

1935

Auctioneers

London based

F. Stow

PRMS / No

1

Ireland

1906

Possibly dealer

 

E.J. Taylor

PRMS / No

4

Scandinavia

1940

Antique dealer

Oxford based

Mohareb Todrous

PRMS / No

20

Egypt

1926

Dealer

Luxor based

Messrs Tost and Rohu / Jane Tost and Ada Rohu

PRMS Yes

1

Solomons

1914

Dealer

Sydney based

J. Tregaskis

PRMS / No

13

Mixed

1902

Possibly dealer or auctioneers

London based. Possibly James Tregaskis and Sons

Tucker / Mr Tucker

FC / No

71

PNG Mixed

1923

Possibly dealer

via Stevens. Possibly 2nd collector

Tyrrell

PRMS / No

10

UK Australia

1923

Possibly dealer

Oxford based

J. Uertz

FC / No

1

Belgium

1889

Possibly dealer

via Balfour. ?Antwerp based

J.F.G. Umlauff

PRMS / Yes

5

Oceania

1929

Possibly dealer

or Museum Prof Hamburg Poss Anthrop or Nat Hist

Unknown shop[s] in Melbourne

PRMS / No

2

Australia PNG

1914

Trade or dealer

via Balfour

Unknown dealer in Tromso Norway

PRMS / No

1

USA

1901

Trade or dealer

via Balfour

Unknown shop in Antwerp Belgium

PRMS / No

13

Congo, Democratic Republic

1911

Trade or dealer

via Balfour

Unknown shop in Ipswich

PRMS / No

1

UK

1912

Trade or dealer

via Balfour

Unknown shop in Quai d'Orsay Paris

PRMS / No

1

France

1913

Trade or dealer

via Balfour

Venables probably John Venables and Son

PRMS / Yes

4

UK

1890

Trader

Oxford based Gunsmith

Walford and Spokes

PRMS /Yes

2

UK

1908

Trader

Oxford based

J.W. Ward via H. Gray [?Harold St. George Gray]

FC / PRMS / No

3

UK

1899

?Trader

Wilton [Wilts] based

Rowland Ward

FC / PRMS / Yes

2

Borneo

1903

Trader

[Taxidermist] London based

Wareham

FC / Yes

2

Ireland or UK

1874

Possibly dealer

via founding collection ?Archaeol or 2nd collector

R. Warry

PRMS / No

1

UK

1893

?Trader

Made object for museum Armourer from Woolwich

Miss B.A. Waterfield

FC / PRMS / No

3

Peru

1911

Possible dealer

?Archaeol or Amateur Archaeol

Messrs Watson Brothers

PRMS / Yes

23

Mixed

1904

Dealer

London based Gunsmith

W.D. Webster

PRMS / Yes

225

Mixed

1912

Dealer

Oxford based

G.W. Wells

OO / No

19

UK

1920

Possibly gun dealer

London based

J. Whitaker

PRMS / No

4

Malaysia

1928

Possibly dealer

Cambridge based

W.E. White

OO/ No

4

W Africa

1940

Antique Dealer

Oxford based, via BB

Adolf Wiedemann via Beatrice Blackwood

PRMS / No

83

Germany

1924

Possible dealer or trader

Weimar based

W. Wilsdon

FC / PRMS No

2

PNG Samoa

1910

Possibly dealer

 

Wirzing Brothers

PRMS / No

1

Zimbabwe

1905

Trader

Zimbabwe based

Knut Wolf

PRMS / No

1

Norway

1911

Possibly dealer

Norway based

C.A. Woollett

FC / PRMS No

10

Pacific

1899

Possibly dealer

Rochester based

Bryce McMurdo Wright

OO / Yes

136

Mixed

1895

Dealer

London based. Via founding collection and others

Mr Wyatt

PRMS / No

6

UK

1935

Dealer

Oxford based

Xiania

OO / No

1

Norway

1898

?Dealer or Trader

via Balfour

Yamanata & Co., London.

OO/ No

41

Japan

1916

Dealer

London based

The top 10 dealer or auction house sources for material in the PRM up to 1945 (actually 11 for reasons explained below) were:

Name of collector

Biog-raphy? Field coll FC or PRM Source PRMS

Number of objects

Country[ies]

Last date by which objects access-ioned

Dealer or auction house?

Connections

Stevens Auction Rooms / J.C. Stevens / Stevens Auction Rooms

PRMS / No

3178

Mixed

1935

Auctioneers

London based

James T. Hooper

PRMS / Yes

680

Mixed

1937

Dealer

Oxford based

G.F. Lawrence

FC / PRMS No

551

USA UK etc

1932

Possibly dealer

some via Stevens Auction rooms and Balfour . London based ?Amateur Archaeol

M.L. Levin

PRMS/ No

504

Africa India

1893

Dealer

London based

Puttick and Simpson

PRMS / No

285

Peru

1935

Dealer / Auctioneers

 

Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge [Sotheby's] / Sotheby [Sotheby's]

PRMS / No

262

Mixed

1932?

Auctioneers

London based

W.D. Webster

PRMS / Yes

225

Mixed

1912

Dealer

Oxford based

Carter / T.J. Carter

FC / PRMS No

223

UK

1906

Possibly dealer

Oxford based.

Dowell's Auction Rooms

PRMS /No

203

UK and mixed

1892

Auctioneers

Edinburgh based

Robert Day

FC / Yes

191

Ireland or UK USA Mexico NZ

1913

Antiq / Amateur Archaeol / Possibly dealer

Collection sold via Sotheby & Pitt Rivers / Could just be 2nd collector

Fenton and Sons / S.G. Fenton and Company

PRMS / Yes

162

Mixed

1925

Dealer

London based

Fentons have been added to the end of the table in case Robert Day turns out to be a secondary collector and not a dealer.

We first constructed a database for all the items that were purchased up to 1945, these contain details of a total of 37,929 [1] objects (21 per cent of the total number of objects obtained up to 1945). However many of these items were purchased from individuals so a truer picture of the number of items obtained from sale rooms etc would be to total the table above (though there are some organisations listed there which should probably not be included in such a count (because the museum did not purchase them from the dealer etc but an intermediary owner)). This total is 9,347 (5 per cent of the total collections up to 1945).

How much did Balfour purchase?

You could posit that probably there was far more purchased during Balfour's time in museum than afterwards so we researched into this, searching the 'up to 1945 database' for purchased in acquired field and omitted all entries with 194 in accession number field [because this was post his death] in PRM source field which gives total numer of objects of 36,707.

Total number of purchased items 1884 - 1939 = 36,707

Total number of purchased items 1884 - 1945 = 37,929

percentage obtained 1884 - 1,939 = 96.7%

So during Balfour's 'reign' we obtained 36,707 objects by purchase, after that date we acquired by purchase:

1940s - 1,695

1950s - 780

1960s - 7,863

1970s - 2,458

1980s - 2,680

1990s - 1,112

2000s - 404

Total 1940 - 2003 = 16,992

Which means that over twice as many objects were obtained when Balfour was curator by purchase than they were after his death. However it is impossible to be exact how many of these purchases were instigated by Balfour (though we must assume that a great number were), or how many he actually paid for (as opposed to using Museum or University funds).

ESRC 'Relational Musuem' project

2004



[1] [37,867 actually on database plus 62 from Murakami, not included for some reason by the original compiler, Sandra Dudley]

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The financial support of this project by the ESRC is gratefully acknowledged.