Charles Seligman Beatrice Blackwood PRM Museum John Hutton Henry Balfour Edward Tylor Augustus Fox

Pitt Rivers Museum Named field collectors

The shape of their collections up to 1945

[article ID:446]

Readers are reminded yet again that a single object can, of course, have more than one class assigned to it during the cataloguing and accessioning process, therefore we have taken great care not to add together classes and set them against the total number of objects in my summary unless we have excluded any double counting between categories.

Named collectors as field collectors

[article ID:447]

Classes

Seligman

%

Tylor

%

Pitt Rivers

%

Balfour

%

Blackwood

%

Agriculture

5

0

24

2

2

0

94

1

15

0

Animalia

85

2

11

1

25

0

182

2

221

7

Animal Gear

4

0

20

2

19

0

71

1

14

0

Bag

9

0

4

0

0

0

129

1

72

2

Barkcloth

17

0

0

0

0

0

5

0

118

4

Basketry

2

0

11

1

0

0

105

1

203

6

Body Art

0

0

5

0

0

0

62

1

37

1

Box

2

0

9

1

22

0

569

6

9

0

Carving

0

0

1

0

3

0

6

0

3

0

Ceremonial

7

0

7

1

1

0

87

1

79

2

Children

1

0

3

0

1

0

27

0

130

4

Clothing

16

0

30

3

22

0

191

2

258

8

Commemoration

3

0

1

0

0

0

2

0

3

0

Cordage

3

0

0

0

1

0

17

0

13

0

Currency

48

1

17

2

3

0

345

4

340

10

Dance

3

0

8

1

1

0

17

0

80

2

Death

9

0

19

2

12

0

142

1

23

1

Dwelling

2

0

3

0

48

1

23

0

23

1

Fan

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

0

12

0

Figure

21

0

185

19

13

0

782

8

138

4

Fire

0

0

7

1

20

0

976

10

49

1

Fishing

11

0

1

0

0

0

98

1

96

3

Food

21

0

34

3

18

0

170

2

220

7

Furniture Dwelling

11

0

0

0

0

0

48

0

21

1

Geology

634

14

7

1

17

0

131

1

28

1

Headhunting

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Hunting

8

0

18

2

1

0

33

0

47

1

Insignia

38

1

2

0

0

0

40

0

1

0

Lighting

0

0

24

2

2

0

953

10

13

0

Lock

0

0

7

1

18

0

23

0

0

0

Marriage

0

0

11

2

0

0

31

0

6

0

Mask

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

9

0

Measurement

4

0

16

2

2

0

172

2

2

0

Medicine

4

0

7

1

4

0

76

1

25

1

Metallurgy

13

0

0

0

1

0

9

0

0

0

Model

2

0

5

0

2

0

47

0

68

2

Music

9

0

17

2

2

0

573

6

148

4

Narcotic

25

1

1

0

4

0

255

3

82

2

Navigation

2

0

1

0

0

0

38

0

33

1

Ornament & bead

364

8

130

13

16

0

496

5

684

20

Photograph

5

0

0

0

0

0

27

0

3

0

Physical Anthropology

0

0

2

0

65

2

35

0

74

2

Picture

10

0

83

8

0

0

58

1

47

1

Plant

5

0

7

1

78

2

109

1

79

2

Pottery

190

4

200

20

2,806

63

738

9

237

7

Punishment & Torture

2

0

1

0

2

0

12

0

0

0

Religion

29

1

283

29

22

0

1053

11

116

4

Reproduction

47

1

124

13

5

0

339

3

2

0

Scientific Apparatus

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

Specimen

634

14

7

1

157

4

334

3

236

7

Sport

0

0

11

2

0

0

13

0

4

0

Status

7

0

0

0

0

0

84

1

47

1

Technique

30

1

2

0

1

0

268

3

33

1

Textile

15

0

24

2

12

0

426

4

22

1

Theatre

1

0

1

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

Time

0

0

5

0

1

0

31

0

0

0

Toilet

3

0

3

0

27

0

142

1

33

1

Tool [definite]

2,674

57

96

10

1,097

25

2,892

30

642

19

Tool or weapon

455

10

13

2

260

6

376

4

214

6

Toy & Game

5

0

215

22

3

0

119

1

138

4

Trade

31

1

9

1

0

0

157

2

328

10

Transport

1

0

1

0

1

0

61

1

32

1

Vessel

40

1

16

2

78

2

225

2

191

6

Weapon [definite]

220

5

120

12

41

1

1,066

11

304

9

Writing

42

1

22

2

3

0

365

4

10

0

Total number of objects field collected by named collectors

4,673 *

-

982 **

-

4,464

-

9,716

-

3,348

-

Seligman*

Tylor **

Pitt Rivers

Balfour

Blackwood

* Note that to calculate the Seligman figures we have just typed Seligman in field collector field, which means that it will catch items collected by both Brenda and Charles Seligman (which makes more sense to me, bearing in mind Fran's archive research).

** Whereas for Tylor's field collection we searched on his full name, this will not be the case for the PRM source totals for objects for him

Just to show what difference there potentially is working even on named collector statistics between using the 'up to 1945 database' and the on-line objects prm database, here are the corresponding totals up to 2003

Seligman*

Tylor **

Pitt Rivers

Balfour

Blackwood

Total number of objects field collected by named collectors

4,798

985

4,468

11,913

6,526

Obviously all the classes would also be slightly different, the differences are due to those items accessioned after 1945 from these collectors (like BB who worked after 1945) or found unentered items (from people like Balfour and Pitt Rivers who we are still finding masses of objects that were accessioned from during Court Project). Note that because these figures were worked out on the live database on 16.10.03 they will be different in the future.

Significant collections for each named collector are marked in red (significance is taken as being 10 per cent or over).

Summary

[article ID:448]

Seligman field collection:

Is dominated by stone tools which form more than half of the collection, other numbers are very low.

Tylor field collection:

Pottery and religious items are the two most significant classes that Tylor field collected.

Pitt Rivers field collection:

Pottery is by far the most dominating collection, with stone tools a distant but still dominating force.

Balfour's field collection:

A third is composed of stone tools.

Blackwood's field collection:

For Blackwood the most significant classes were tools and ornaments and beads. It might be significant that it was a woman collector who collected a higher percentage of ornaments and beads than other objects (or it might not).

Note that generally pottery and tools predominate, and both of these probably have a large number of guesstimate total number of objects per entry (because sherds and stone tools are the worst entries for imprecise numbers), this could be distorting any of these results.

Percentages of collections classified by type for each named collector

and for the global collections

Seligman %

Tylor %

Pitt Rivers %

Balfour %

Blackwood %

Global %

Agriculture

0

2

0

1

0

0.7

Animalia

2

1

0

2

7

1.7

Animal Gear

0

2

0

1

0

0.7

Bag

0

0

0

1

2

0.9

Barkcloth

0

0

0

0

4

0.4

Basketry

0

1

0

1

6

2.3

Body Art

0

0

0

1

1

0.7

Box

0

1

0

6

0

2.5

Carving

0

0

0

0

0

0

Ceremonial

0

1

0

1

2

1.5

Children

0

0

0

0

4

0.8

Clothing

0

3

0

2

8

3.8

Commemoration

0

0

0

0

0

0.1

Cordage

0

0

0

0

0

0.6

Currency

1

2

0

4

10

2.2

Dance

0

1

0

0

2

0.6

Death

0

2

0

1

1

2.6

Dwelling

0

0

1

0

1

0.3

Fan

0

0

0

0

0

0.1

Figure

0

19

0

8

4

5.3

Fire

0

1

0

10

1

1.6

Fishing

0

0

0

1

3

1.4

Food

0

3

0

2

7

2.7

Furniture Dwelling

0

0

0

0

1

0.5

Geology

14

1

0

1

1

1.6

Headhunting

0

0

0

0

0

0.1

Hunting

0

2

0

0

1

0.9

Insignia

1

0

0

0

0

0.4

Lighting

0

2

0

10

0

1.3

Lock

0

1

0

0

0

0.1

Marriage

0

2

0

0

0

0.1

Mask

0

0

0

0

0

0.2

Measurement

0

2

0

2

0

1.8

Medicine

0

1

0

1

1

0.9

Metallurgy

0

0

0

0

0

0.3

Model

0

0

0

0

2

1.2

Music

0

2

0

6

4

3.3

Narcotic

1

0

0

3

2

2.0

Navigation

0

0

0

0

1

0.7

Ornament & bead

8

13

0

5

20

11.8

Photograph

0

0

0

0

0

1.4

Physical Anthropology

0

0

2

0

2

0.7

Picture

0

8

0

1

1

1.3

Plant

0

1

2

1

2

1.3

Pottery

4

20

63

9

7

7.0

Punishment & Torture

0

0

0

0

0

0.1

Religion

1

29

0

11

4

8.4

Reproduction

1

13

0

3

0

1.2

Scientific Apparatus

0

0

0

0

0

0

Specimen

14

1

4

3

7

3.7

Sport

0

2

0

0

0

0.1

Status

0

0

0

1

1

1.6

Technique

1

0

0

3

1

1.6

Textile

0

2

0

4

1

3.2

Theatre

0

0

0

0

0

0.2

Time

0

0

0

0

0

0.1

Toilet

0

0

0

1

1

1.1

Tool [definite]

57

10

25

30

19

32.1

Tool or weapon

10

2

6

4

6

5.9

Toy & Game

0

22

0

1

4

3.1

Trade

1

1

0

2

10

1.5

Transport

0

0

0

1

1

0.8

Vessel

1

2

2

2

6

4.1

Weapon [definite]

5

12

1

11

9

15.7

Writing

1

2

0

4

0

2.0

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