Charles Seligman Beatrice Blackwood PRM Museum John Hutton Henry Balfour Edward Tylor Augustus Fox

7. Total number of objects obtained from each country divided into Archaeology and Ethnology

[article ID:279]

Europe

Archaeology - 26,575

Ethnography - 14,394

Either Arch or Eth - 923

From which it can be seen that archaeology is almost two thirds of the European collection up to 1945.

There are proportionally many more archaelogical items from the European collections than there are for the collections as a whole up to 1945 (the percentages then were 40 per cent Archaeology and 60 per cent Ethnographic]

Albania

Archaeology - 1

Ethnography - 173

Either Arch or Eth - 5

The Albanian collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Andorra

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 3

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Andorran collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Austria

Archaeology - 14

Ethnography - 396

Either Arch or Eth - 14

The Austrian collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Belarus

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 4

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Belarus collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Belgium

Archaeology - 257

Ethnography - 189

Either Arch or Eth - 9

Bosnia Herzegovina Yugoslavia

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 144

Either Arch or Eth - 11

The Bosnian collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Bulgaria

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 13

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Bulgarian collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Croatia Yugoslavia

Archaeology - 2

Ethnography - 46

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Croatian collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Cyprus

Archaeology - 270

Ethnography - 150

Either Arch or Eth - 4

Czech Republic

Archaeology - 4

Ethnography - 28

Either Arch or Eth - 0

Denmark

Archaeology - 665

Ethnography - 154

Either Arch or Eth - 3

Nearly two thirds of the archaeological items from Denmark are from the founding collection, archaeology is a large proportion of the total Danish collection up to 1945

Estonia

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 4

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Estonian collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Finland

Archaeology - 1

Ethnography - 175

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Finnish collections are dominated by ethnographic items

France

Archaeology - 3644

Ethnography - 885

Either Arch or Eth - 154

Germany

Archaeology - 87

Ethnography - 510

Either Arch or Eth - 40

Gibraltar

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 1

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Gibraltan collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Greece

Archaeology - 345

Ethnography - 204

Either Arch or Eth - 5

Hungary

Archaeology - 37

Ethnography - 45

Either Arch or Eth - 9

Iceland

Archaeology - 22

Ethnography - 57

Either Arch or Eth - 0

Ireland

Archaeology - 191

Ethnography - 94

Either Arch or Eth - 39

There is a very high percentage of items which are not clearly archaeological or ethnographic for Irish objects, much higher than those from Northern Ireland or those which might be from either.

Ireland or Northern Ireland

Archaeology - 429

Ethnography - 75

Either Arch or Eth - 9

There is a far greater proportion of archaeological items which are not provenanced well than there are specifically provenanced to Ireland

Italy

Archaeology - 658

Ethnography - 1397

Either Arch or Eth - 68

Of the Italian ethnography items 270 are amulets

Latvia

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 4

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Latvian collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Lithuania

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 4

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Lithuanian collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Macedonia Yugoslavia

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 13

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Macedonian collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Malta

Archaeology - 395

Ethnography - 40

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Maltese collections are dominated by archaeological items

Montenegro Yugoslavia

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 61

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Montenegran collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

The Netherlands

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 138

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Dutch collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Norway

Archaeology - 35

Ethnography - 536

Either Arch or Eth - 8

The Norwegian collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Poland

Archaeology - 1

Ethnography - 30

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Polish collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Portugal

Archaeology - 3

Ethnography - 180

Either Arch or Eth - 1

The Portugeuse collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Romania

Archaeology - 1

Ethnography - 21

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Romanian collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Russia

Archaeology - 19

Ethnography - 456

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Russian collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Serbia Yugoslavia

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 24

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Serbian collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Slovakia

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 2

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Slovakian collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Slovenia

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 2

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Slovenian collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Spain

Archaeology - 51

Ethnography - 356

Either Arch or Eth - 3

The Spanish collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Sweden

Archaeology - 107

Ethnography - 538

Either Arch or Eth - 5

A lot of the Swedish ethnographic items were obtained by Henry Balfour and Arthur Evans

Switzerland

Archaeology - 676

Ethnography - 157

Either Arch or Eth - 2

Almost all of the archaeology is Lake Dwelling material mostly from Pitt Rivers

UK

Archaeology - 18,316

Ethnography - 6,762

Either Arch or Eth - 518

England

Archaeology - 16,213

Ethnography - 5,834

Either Arch or Eth - 464

Just under a third of the English archaeological objects came from the founding collection.

English archaeological items account for a whacking 38 per cent of all European   archaeological items accessioned up to 1945

And 20 per cent of all archaeological items obtained throughout the world by 1946.

and 9 per cent of all the object obtained by the PRM up to end of 1945 (that is, nearly one in every ten objects acquired by 1946 was an English archaeological item). This vast collection has not been much studied or published upon and is possibly too poorly provenanced archaeologically (with very little of the usual archaeological find information) to be of great interest today?

Scotland

Archaeology - 362

Ethnography - 465

Either Arch or Eth - 20

Wales

Archaeology - 487

Ethnography - 113

Either Arch or Eth - 6

Northern Ireland

Archaeology - 650

Ethnography - 22

Either Arch or Eth - 15

Channel Islands

Archaeology - 320

Ethnography - 38

Either Arch or Eth - 2

Isle of Man

Archaeology - 4

Ethnography - 77

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Isle of Man collections are dominated by ethnographic items

Scilly Islands

Archaeology - 19

Ethnography - 3

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Scilly collections are dominated by archaeological items

The vast majority of all European archaeological items are from the UK and specifically from England.

Ukraine

Archaeology - 29

Ethnography - 48

Either Arch or Eth - 1

Vatican City

Archaeology - 0

Ethnography - 8

Either Arch or Eth - 0

The Vatican collections are 100 per cent ethnographic items

Top 12 archaeological collections up to 1945:

England - 16,213

France - 3,644

[Ireland and / or Northern Ireland - 1,270*]

Switzerland - 676

Denmark - 665

Italy - 658

Wales - 487

Malta - 395

Scotland - 362

Greece - 345

Channel Islands - 320

Cyprus - 270

We have included Ireland in the following chart although it is impossible to get a true figure for possible objects from North and South Ireland combined as so many archaeological items are double counted as both (this is as near as we can get and has been calculated by adding those definite just southern Ireland, those definitely Northern Ireland and those which are labelled as both).

Top 10 ethnographic collections up to 1945:

England - 5,834

Italy - 1,397

France - 885

Sweden - 538

Norway - 536

Germany - 510

Scotland - 465

Russia - 456

Austria - 396

Greece - 204

NB Note that although Balfour and PR did field collect SOME of the objects listed above in both charts the numbers relate to the objects they donated from the countries in question (the number of objects they themselves field collected from each of these countries will be smaller)

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